Almost 1/5 of us are going to experience depression during their lives. One of the obstacles to overcoming this disease is that we do not know where or how to proceed. Who do I go to see? When do I begin to take it seriously? How about consulting psychologist versus psychotherapist?
These questions can seem daunting and confusing in the face of depression. This paper describes the distinction between psychologists and therapists, and shows you how to take the first simple step in finding assistance.
How about a psychologist?
Someone who studied and graduated in psychology is considered a psychologist. Psychologists tend to be based or applied in research (meaning, they work with people). A psychologist can also specialize if needed. For example, it may concentrate on psychological counselling, forensic or medical psychology in the health sector.
The word ‘psychologist’ alone is not enough to treat patients. Although the counsellor has a theoretical basis, he or she does not have therapy or counselling experience.
What is a psychotherapist?
A psychotherapist has graduated and received further post-graduate training focused exclusively on counselling. These additional qualifications ensure that the treatment method is safe and accurate. Normally, a psychotherapist specializes in a particular psychotherapeutic technique, e.g. cognitive behavioral counselling, psychoanalytic therapy, humanistic treatment, etc.
A psychotherapist is equipped to manage psychiatric problems such as depression, anxiety or more extreme disorders such as obsessive-compulsive disorder with appropriate care and remedies. But since only physicians can do so, a psychotherapist is not allowed to prescribe drugs like antidepressants or anxiety medication.
Psychotherapists and clinical psychologists have criteria for qualifications which need to be fulfilled before they are accredited or approved. A college education that involves preparation in a real-world environment and study projects is required for both professions; at least a degree is required if someone wishes to be accredited in either profession.
But there are difference between psychologist and psychotherapist education.
Clinical psychologists hold a degree in psychology and then go on to the PhD program in clinical psychology, which includes four additional years of school. They must also complete clinical placements and a dissertation thesis. This professional can obtain a license in their state only after graduation; license requirements can vary between States.
Psychotherapists, on the other hand, do not need a psychological undergraduate education; training in psychotherapy starts at graduate level, so as long as a student has a professional experience, he/she is qualified to qualify as a psychotherapist. This career includes a degree and some experience. Some states require certifications from psychotherapists.